Travel – Disneyland’s It’s a Small World

It's a Small World poster

This post is in honor of the 50th anniversary of the world famous “It’s a Small World” attraction which opened in Disneyland on May 28, 1966.  It’s a Small World is considered a classic Disney dark ride which means that it is an amusement park ride contained inside a building.  The whimsical attraction features hundreds of animatronic children dressed in their national costumes and singing a memorable song in their native languages.  So, in this post I will discuss the history of the “It’s a Small World” attraction including the construction of the ride and the many refurbishments throughout the years and finally I will end with some fun and interesting trivia about the ride.

The history of the “It’s a Small World” attraction

The It’s A Small World attraction was originally created for the UNICEF pavilion sponsored by Pepsi at the 1964 New York World’s Fair.  The basic concept of the ride was intended to promote peace and unity as interpreted by the children of the world.  The basic design was created by WED, a division of the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank.  The attraction was actually one of five created WED for the Fair; the other four attractions were the Skyway ride sponsored for the Ford Motor Company, Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln built for the Illinois pavilion, the Carousel of Progress sponsored by General Electric, and CircleVision sponsored by Kodak. 

It's a Small World model with Walt Disney

Disneyland had opened in 1955 and Walt Disney was always looking for ways to improve his amusement park and he is famously quoted as saying, “Disneyland will never be completed and it will continue to grow as long as there is imagination left in the world”.  So, by working on these various sponsored attractions for the World’s Fair, Disney was able to develop new ride systems which would eventually be used in Disneyland.  The boats for the It’s A Small World ride were built at the Disney Studios and the vehicle propulsion and guidance systems were designed by the Arrow Development Company.  The ride system developed for It’s a Small World would also solve the problem of moving the large crowds anticipated for the World Fair through the ride in a timely manner.  (Special Note: This same ride system was used again for the Pirates of the Caribbean attraction in the New Orleans Square area of Disneyland)

Arrow Developement Company boat patent  Arrow Developement Company boat test track

Prior to the New York’s World Fair, Disney had developed the technology of audio- animatronics which was first used for the Enchanted Tiki Room attraction that opened at Disneyland in 1963.  (Audio-animatronics is the term used for robots that move in sync to pre-recorded soundtracks, thus giving the illusion that the figures are brought to life)  Several of the attractions that the Disney Imagineers were creating for the World Fair would also use audio-animatronic figures; such as the Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln and the Carousel of Progress attractions and of course the It’s a Small World ride.  After the conclusion of the New York World’s Fair in 1965, all the attractions were disassembled and moved to Disneyland in Anaheim, California.  (Special Note:  Walt Disney died in 1966 and the four attractions created for the World Fair were some of the last projects that Disney was directly involved in from concept to ride completion.  However, the Pirates of the Caribbean attraction was officially the last one that Disney was involved in and the attraction opened in 1967 three months after his death)

Disney with Mary Blair

Alice Davis concept art for Its a Small World costumes 1  Alice Davis concept art for Its a Small World costumes 2

The original It’s a Small World ride for the World Fair featured several hundred audio-animatronic children designed by Mary Blair (the Disney art director for animated classics films including Cinderella, Alice in Wonderland and Peter Pan) and sculpted by Blaine Gibson (per the request of Disney, each of the children’s facial features were identical) with the colorful sets designed by Rolly Crump and the children’s costumes designed by Alice Davis (featuring the native dress of each country).  Initially Disney wanted have the children depicted in the various scenes of the ride to sing the national anthems of each country but ultimately he requested one song be used that could easily be translated into many languages. Robert and Richard Sherman, Disney staff songwriters, came up with the iconic “It’s a Small World” song.  (Shown in the first photo is the It’s a Small World ride under construction in Disneyland, the second photo shows Walt Disney with Marc Davis and Mary Blair with her doll)

It's a Small World consturction 1 Disney with Marc Davis and Mary Blair - It's a Small World costumes

After the It’s a Small World attraction moved to Disneyland and the newly refurbished ride re-opened on May 28, 1966 in the Fantasyland section of the park.  The opening ceremony featured a gathering of children representing countries from around the globe.  In preparations for the grand opening ceremony, Disney representatives gathered the waters from the oceans and seas around the world.  Then, during the ceremony the waters were symbolically poured into the ride’s canal creating a grand version of the “waters of the world” flowing through the attraction.  It was a great public relations idea orchestrated by Jack Lindquist who at the time was the advertising manager of Disneyland.

It's a Small World opening day at Disneyland 1

The Disneyland version of the It’s a Small World attraction featured an exterior façade which was inspired by an original drawing of Mary Blair, shown in the photo below.  The large flat façade was painted white with gold and silver trim and depicts the stylized versions of the landmarks of world, such as Paris’ Eifel Tower and Italy’s Leaning Tower of Pisa.  The area in front of the façade features several fanciful topiary animals that are meticulously maintained by the Disneyland horticultural department.  (Special Note: The exterior of the It’s a Small World attraction has undergone several different color schemes from the original white to one with various shades of blue to another version painted white and pink with pastel colored trim.  In preparations for Disneyland’s 50th anniversary in 2005, the façade returned to the original color scheme)

Mary Blair concept art for It's a Small World It's a Small World exterior 1

In the center of the It’s a Small World attraction façade, Disney had requested a special 30 foot high timepiece which would work like a giant cuckoo clock.  To mark each quarter hour, the side doors would swing open and a parade of wooden dolls dressed in their national costumes would move past the base of the clock.  Then, as the last doll proceeded back into the door on the other side, the large central doors below the swinging face would open to display the time and bells would ring to count the hours and quarter hours.

It's a Small World clock 1  It's a Small World clock 2

After boarding the It’s a Small World boats, guests will slowly travel through the main show building and into several room.  About 400 specially dressed children are wearing their native costumes and singing the ride’s theme song in their native languages.(Shown below are examples of Mary Blair artwork and designs used on the ride)

Mary Blair concept art for It's a Small World 1  Mary Blair concept art for It's a Small World 2

The various countries depicted on the ride currently include:

  • Scandinavia and Canada
  • England, France, Germany, Italy and Switzerland
  • Thailand, India, Korea, China and Japan
  • Africa featuring the various animals of the jungle
  • South America featuring Brazil and Mexico
  • South Sea Islands of the Pacific Ocean featuring the animals of the oceans (including a few mermaids) and now including the animals of the rainforests
  • North America
  • The Finale Room features all the children of the world now dressed in all white versions of their native costumes and singing the ride’s theme song in English.

Throughout the years, numerous minor adjustments and a few major changes have been made to the It’s a Small world ride.  In 1997, Disneyland decided for the Christmas season to create the It’s a Small World Holiday version of the ride with an elaborate overlay and the iconic theme song was replaced with holiday songs.  It proved to be so popular with the park guests that every year since then the attraction is closed in late October to assemble the temporary holiday overlay and it reopens in early November just before the start of one of the busiest times in the park, which is the weeks between Thanksgiving and New Year’s Day.  The attraction is closed again in January for a few weeks to remove the holiday overlay.    

Small World Holiday 1In 2008, the It’s a Small World attraction was closed for a 10 month period for major refurbishment.  This was a long time for a popular Disneyland attraction to be closed but the ride was in desperate need over some major changes.  The original ride system from the 1964 World Fair was now over 40 years old and despite occasional repairs it was time to upgrade the water canal and boats. The outdated fiberglass boats were replaced with redesigned boats made of durable plastic which was lighter and more buoyant.  The water propulsion system that guided the boats through the ride was replaced by a more modern electric water jet turbines developed for a more efficient and smoother ride.  Prior to the refurbishment the boats would often “bottom out” in the water canal causing the boat to stop.  This happened because at the time the ride was originally built the estimated combined weight of the guests was calculated lower than the current weight of a heavier generation of guests!  So, during the refurbishment the water canal was built deeper to accommodate the increasing weight of the guests!

Small World 2008 refurbishment

The exterior façade was repaired and repainted, a new entrance sign was created and the topiary garden was replanted.  The interior ride sets, the majority of them were from the original World Fair attraction were dismantled, repaired or replaced and then repainted.  (Special Note: During the 2008 refurbishment, the rainforest area previously located in a separate room was incorporated into the South Seas Islands room.  The section of the ride formerly occupied by the rainforest was then used to create the North American room.  Prior to the renovations, the Cowboy and Indian children representing North America appeared near the end of the Finale Room)

As part of the major refurbishment, all the dolls were removed from the ride to be repaired and repainted, the dolls costumes were cleaned, damages were repaired or new copies of the costumes were made.  Also at this time a very controversial decision was made to incorporate additional doll characters into the attraction.  In the past, Disneyland had successfully added Disney movie characters into other attractions without too much public outcry.  In 2006 the Captain Jack Sparrow, Barbossa and Davy Jones characters from the popular Disney “Pirates of the Caribbean” movie series were added to the Pirates of the Caribbean ride in Disneyland.  Then, in 2007 the classic Submarine Voyage ride in Tomorrowland which had been closed for almost ten years re-opened as the Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage featuring characters from the popular Disney-Pixar film, “Finding Nemo”.  But for some reason the public were having a hard time adjusting to the fact that It’s a Small World, one of the most beloved attractions in Disneyland, would be changed.

Undeterred, Disney went ahead with their plans to incorporated the 37 new characters into the It’s a Small World attraction.  The additional characters came from several of the Disney movies, some were from the older classic Disney fairytale movies and others were from more recent Disney films, were added into the appropriate sections of the ride corresponding to the settings of their original stories.  Some of these additional characters are listed below: 

In the England section of the Alice and the White Rabbit from the classic animated film “Alice in Wonderland” were added, shown below in the photo on the left.  Peter Pan and Tinkerbell from another Disney animated film “Peter Pan” can also be seen flying above the England section near the Tower of London, shown in the photo on the right. 

Small World 2009 Alice1  Small World 2009 Peter Pan 1

In the France section of the ride are Cinderella with the friendly mice Jaq and Gus from the classic Disney film “Cinderella” were added, shown below in the photo on the left.  Pinocchio and Jiminy Cricket from the animated film “Pinocchio” were added to the Italy section of the ride, shown in the photo on the right.

Small World 2009 Cinderella  Small World 2009 Pinocchio 1

In the China section of the ride guests will see Mulan and Mushu form the Disney animated film “Mulan”, shown below in the photo on the left.  In the section of the ride depicting the Middle East, the characters of Aladdin, Jasmine and Abu from the animated film “Aladdin” can be seen overhead flying on a magic carpet, shown in the photo on the right.

Small World 2009 Mulan 2  Small World 2009 Alladin

In the Africa section, the characters Simba, Pumba and Timon from the “Lion King” movies were added, shown below in the photo on the left.  In the South America section guests will see the characters Donald Duck, Jose Carioca and Panchito Pistoles from the Disney animated short “The Three Caballeros, shown in the photo on the right.

Small World 2009 Lion King 2  Small World 2009 Donald Duck 3 Caballeros 1

In the South Seas section of the ride guests will see the character Ariel and Flounder from the “Little Mermaid”, the characters of Lilo with Stitch from Disney animated film “Lilo and Stich” riding on a surfboard and also added are the characters of Nemo and Dory from the very popular “Finding Nemo” movie.  Finally, some of the last characters to be added to the It’s a Small World ride are in the North America section and they are Woody, Jessie and Bullseye from the “Toy Story 1 & 2” movies.

Small World 2009 Ariel 2  Small World 2009 Nemo 1

Small World 2009 Toy Story 1

The It’s a Small World attraction at Disneyland proved to be so popular with the park guests that as the other Disney Parks were opened around the world other versions based on the original ride were built with slight variations: the Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World in Florida in 1971, Tokyo Disneyland in 1983, Disneyland Paris in 1992 and Hong Kong Disneyland in 2008.

It’s a Small World trivia and fun facts

  • During the development process for the original World’s Fair attraction was tentatively named the “Children of the World” ride.  In the first version of the ride the dolls would sing the national anthems of the various countries, but this sounded too chaotic.  So, Walt Disney brought in the staff song writers Richard and Robert Sherman to compose a song for the ride.  Disney liked the catchy “It’s a Small World” song so much that he changed the name of the ride to It’s a Small World.

Sherman brothers

  • The “It’s a Small World” song was performed and recorded with the various native instruments from around the world, as an example in the Scotland scene bagpipes can be heard and in the South Seas scene Tahitian drums are played.
  • During the hours of an average day at the park the iconic “It’s a Small World” song is played approximately 1,200 times.
  • When the It’s a Small World ride moved from the 1964-65 New York World’s Fair to Disneyland, each section of the ride was disassembled and shipped to the park.  Today, some of the shipping stickers dating back to 1965 can still be found on the back of some of the ride’s set pieces.
  • In the Disneyland version of the It’s a Small World attraction in the France section there is a special Mary Blair doll to honor the Disney Imagineer who designed the original ride for the World’s Fair.  A little blonde haired doll wearing glasses can be seen flying from a balloon near the Eiffel Tower.

Mary Blair Doll

  • The whimsical animal topiaries located outside of It’s a Small World are created and maintained by the Disneyland Horticulture Department, it takes approximately five year of growing and trimming before the topiaries are ready to be put on display.

It's a Small World topiaries

  • Through Disneyland guest research it was determined that on the average one in every four guests, especially families with small children or those that grew up riding the attraction, consider a ride on It’s a Small World a park tradition.  (Personal Note: This is definitely true for our family because we always visit the It’s a Small World attraction for a ride in honor of our father, it was one of his favorite rides!)

Travel – A Disney Christmas

What could be a more perfect place to celebrate the holiday season than … Disneyland!

Growing up in Southern California, our family has been going to Disneyland since it opened back in 1955.  We have so many great memories of the “Happiest Place on Earth”.  Disneyland is magical on an ordinary day – but the Christmas season is extra special!

Officially the holiday season is November 12, 2012 to January 6, 2013.  Please check the Disney website for current Holiday information regarding park hours, etc. at


In Town Square a 60 foot Christmas tree is decorated with 4,800 energy- efficient LED lights and over 2,000 ornaments including a 3 foot gold star at the top for the holiday season.  During Disneyland’s 50th anniversary celebration in 2005, the ornaments and decorations on the Main Street Christmas tree were all a golden color.  As you look down Main Street there are pine garlands strung from one side of the street to the other side with a Hidden Mickey shaped wreath in the center.  (We love Hidden Mickey’s!!)  At the end of Main Street is Sleeping Beauty’s Castle, the iconic symbol of Disneyland.  During the holiday season the castle’s overlay gives the most enchanting winter appearance and the castle turrets are “snow” covered with more than 80,000 lights to give the beautiful effect as if the icicles were sparkling when lit at night.



The “A Christmas Fantasy Parade” debuted during the 1994 holiday season at Disneyland.  Featured in the parade are about 200 performers and several themed floats.  My favorites are the marching toy soldiers from “Babes in Toyland”, the dancing snowflakes and the prancing reindeer.  Riding on the floats are all the favorite Disney characters and the final one has Santa flying over the float in his sleigh.

TIP: Check the parade schedule when you arrive and get to the parade route early for the good viewing spots.  While you are waiting for the parade to begin, I would suggest having someone get some food to bring back to your parade spot to eat a quick meal or maybe have someone get some fast passes to a ride to use when the parade is over.


Since 1997, one of Disneyland’s most popular rides, “It’s A Small World”, has featured a holiday overlay during the Christmas season.  Closed in October and reopened in early November through January, the attraction is transformed by a crew of over 30 Technical Services Cast Members who decorate both the interior and exterior with 350,000 lights especially for the holidays. (In January the attraction closes again to remove the overlay)  The attraction takes guests on the same boat ride through the countries of the world but the ride’s original soundtrack is mixed with “Jingle Bells” and “Deck the Halls”.  Listen for the mermaids in the South Seas section of the ride – they sing their own holiday version of “Jingle Shells”.

As you ride the “It’s A Small World Holiday” attraction be prepared for sounds, sights and even smells.  In the European sections of the ride there are the wonderful smells of freshly cut pine and sweet peppermint candy canes.  Just before the South Seas section there are magical bubbles and look for the plate of fish left out for Santa by Ariel and her under sea friends.  In the attraction’s final scene they recently added 14 foot sparkling snowmen, surrounded by twirling snowflakes and holding a “Happy Holidays” sign sculpted out of “ice” that magically changes color.


Since 2001, the “Haunted Mansion” in New Orleans Square had received a holiday overlay inspired by Tim Burton’s “The Nightmare Before Christmas” movie.  The attraction is closed for two weeks in September as the Technical Service Cast Members convert the ride into the “Haunted Mansion Holiday”.  The overlay features Jack Skellington who brings his creepy friends from Halloween Town to the mansion with hundred’s of evil Christmas presents and decorations. The ride becomes a twisted blend of Christmas with a Halloween style!  The “Haunted Mansion” attraction is reopened in late September is shown through January.

To combine both holidays, the outside the “Haunted Mansion” it is decorated with jack-o-lanterns and Christmas decorations.  On the roof is Jack Skellinton’s coffin sleigh.  The portraits in both the stretching room and the portrait hall have been replaced with Christmas scenes that turn into scary scenes inspired by “The Nightmare Before Christmas” movie.  Instead of the black crows that appear in different rooms of the mansion there is a Vampire Teddy.  As the “doom buggies” move into the ballroom, the ghosts are still there but the table is now set for a Christmas party and there is a large gingerbread (or should I say gingerdread) house which the Imagineers change every year.  As the ride proceeds into the attic the decorations have been replaced with creepy presents and toys.  A huge snake seems to travel across the entire room holding a “naughty and nice list”.  At the graveyard gate instead of the the wide-eyed caregiver and the shaking dog, there is now Jack dressed as “Sandy Claws” and his dog, Zero.  The graveyard is covered with snow the iconic spiral hill featured in the movie with falling snowflakes instead of ghosts rising.  As the “doom buggies”  enter the crypt, instead of the three hitchhiking ghosts there is Oogie Boogie who bids a final goodbye and at the end of the ride as guests exit up the escalator there is a tiny version of Sally who tells everyone to hurry back!


Located at the Big Thunder Ranch in Frontierland during the holiday season is “Santa’s Holly Jolly Jamboree”.  This is where Santa and Mrs. Claus are celebrating a western style Christmas.  It is a great opportunity to get that photo with Santa and also a chance to get one with the very camera shy Mrs. Claus.  Then walk over to the corral where there are several live reindeer for everyone to see.  This area in Frontierland is a fun place to bring the children for crafts, games and music!



In 2000, Disneyland created the “Believe … There’s Magic in the Stars” fireworks show.  It proved so popular with their guests that Disney decided to create a holiday version.  “Believe … In Holiday Magic” fireworks show runs over 13 minutes and includes various Christmas songs.  At the conclusion of the show, Sleeping Beauty’s Castle is beautifully lighted with sparkling icicles but the best part is with the aid of cleverly hidden machines it actually snows on Main Street! (also at the Small World and Fantastmic fireworks viewing areas)  It is the perfect end to a holiday visit to Disneyland!

The photo at the right shows my son with Goofy Santa.   In 1991, we stayed at a nearby hotel in Anaheim and went to Disneyland on Christmas morning and it was a once in a lifetime experience!  There were almost no crowds until the afternoon and we had a wonderful time.

TIP: When planning a trip to Disneyland during the holiday season, be prepared for large crowds.  The week between Christmas and New Year’s is one of the busiest times at the park.

Be sure at check ahead of time for current park hours and other important information such as parade and fireworks showtimes at

For a wonderful idea that brings a little Disney into a home at Christmas time, please check out this month’s Craft post Christmas Wreaths.  For ideas on displaying a Disney collection throughout the year, please check out the Decor post Disney Memorabilia Collection.